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Musical Concept Listening Lists

This page provides audio examples of every listening concept in National 5 Music, giving students quick access to clear and relevant samples whilst saving busy teachers the time involved in locating suitable excerpts. See also the National 5 ‘Musical Concept Examples and Instructional Videos’ on the Resources page.

Concepts are clearly categorised and musical excerpts can be accessed simply by clicking on the piece title (see Notes on the Listening Lists below).


  Piece Title

  Composer   (performer)

  Time Code/ further    information


  Amazing Grace

  John Newton

  Binary - A B

  Bourée (Movement 6   from 'Water Music,'   suite in F major)



  Rondo (A B A C A...) -   Episode

  Rondo alla Turka   (from 'Piano sonata   no.11 in A major,'   KV331


  Alberti Bass

  Sonata IV in G Minor

  Domenico Alberti

  c.0.19 & c.1.02 & c.1.55   & c.3.02

  Walking Bass

  Fly Me to the Moon

  Bart Howard (Frank   Sinatra)

  Ground Bass

  Canon in D major



  Carmina Burana   (from 'O Fortuna')

  Carl Orff


  Little Fugue (in G   minor, BWV 578)

  J. S. Bach


  (Sittin' on) the dock of    the bay

  Steve Cropper and   Otis Redding (Otis   Redding)

  Begins at 2.21 with   singer whistling the   melody

Unit 3 National 5 TEXTURE/STRUCTURE/FORM Concepts


  Piece Title

  Composer   (performer)

  Time Code/ further    information


  Clair de Lune



  Mr Blue Sky

  Electric Light   Orchestra (ELO)

   3.53 - 4.01 & 4.27 - 4,30


  So Nice (Summer   Samba)

  Marcos Valle &   Paul Sergio Valle

  Cross Rhythms

  Mars from 'The Planet   Suite'


  Compound Time 6/8

  We Are The   Champions


  Compound Time 9/8

  The Butterfly (Irish   Slip Jig)


  (Flo Ryan)


  Compound Time 12/8

  Trip Through Your   Wires


Unit 5 National 5 RHYTHM/TEMPO Concepts


  Piece Title

  Composer   (performer)


  Brandenburg   Concerto No.1

  J.S. Bach


  The Entertainer

  Scott Joplin


  The Nutcracker Suite



  In The Mood

  Glenn Miller


  Cello Concerto in E   minor, Op.85



  Madam Butterfly


  Scots Ballad

  Green Grow the   Rashes O

  Robert Burns

  Mouth Music

  Puirt a Bheul,   Traditional Scottish   Gaelic Mouth Music



  Red, Red Wine

  Neil Diamond


  African Music

  Sanctus from 'Missa   Luba,' an African   mass

  Based on   traditional   Congolese songs


  I'll Be Missing You

  Puff Daddy

Unit 6 National 4 STYLE Concepts


  Piece Title

  Composer   (performer)

  Time Code/ further    information

  Major (tonality)


  Katy Perry

  Minor (tonality)

  Mad World

  Roland Orzabad



  Sword Dance


  (Donald Shaw   Ramsay)

  Broken chord /   Arpeggio

  Nothing Else Matters


  Electric guitar   arpeggios at the start   and throughout

  Chord Progression -   chords I, IV and V   (major keys)

  Twist and Shout

  The Beatles

  Change of Key

  Love Story

  Taylor Swift

  key change occurs at   3.18


  Nothing Compares 2U


  (Sinead O'Connor)

  Synthesizer Pedal   from start of song


  Concerto in F Major   for Flute,  Strings &   Continuo, Op.1 No.1,   'La Tempesta di Mare'   RV433, Movement 1,   Allegro


 Scale passages occur   in Melody and   accompaniment lines   at: c. 0.01 - 0.18   &   1.12 - 1.27 & 2.18 -   2.34  & 2.40 - 2.43

  Pentatonic Scale

  Sweet Home Alabama

  Lynyrd Skynyrd


  The Octave Jump

  Bob Chester and   His Orchestra

 Swing Band piece   based on octave leaps


  Ain't That a Shame

  Fats Domino

  Piano Vamp

  Scat Singing

  Some of These Days

  (Ella Fitzgerald)

  1.23 - 2.28


  Concerto in G Major   for Flute, Strings &   Basso Continuo,   Op.10 No.6, RV437


  Ornaments (including   trills) occur in each of   the 3 movements,   especially at:    (Movement 1:) c.0.56 -   1.23 & c.1.42 - 1.54 &   c.3.02 - 3.27    (Movement 2:) 4 main   trills occur      (Movement 3:)    c.6.30 - 6.52

Unit 7 National 4 MELODY/HARMONY Concepts


  Piece Title

  Composer   (performer)

  Time Code/ further    information


  Canon in B Flat for 6   Voices 'Leck Mich im   Arsch' K231/K382c


  Ternary A B A

  Lagrima (for solo   classical guitar)

  Francisco Tarrega

  Verse and Chorus

  Dare (La La La)


  Middle 8

  All I Have To Do Is   Dream

  The Everly   Brothers

  0.49 - 1.07   & 1.30 -   1.48

  Theme and Variation

  Variations on a Theme   of Corelli



 Piano Concerto no. 4  in G Major, Op.58


  Cadenza occurs in   movement 1 at  c.5.19 -   19.06


  Chromatic Invention


Unit 8 National 4 TEXTURE/STRUCTURE/FORM Concepts


  Piece Title

  Composer   (performer)

  Time Code/ further    information

  Brass Band

  Theme from 'Rocky'

  Bill Conti   (Grimethorpe   Colliery Band)

  Wind Band

  Aviators March

  John Philip Souza


  Shenandoah (Violin   Solo)

  Traditional   American Folk   Song (Mairead   Nesbitt)


  Cello Suite No.1 in G,   BWV 1007

  J.S. Bach

  Double Bass

  The Elephant (from   Carnival of the   Animals)



  The Fountain  

  Marcel Grandjany   (Alisa Sadikova)


  The Long Way Home

  Terry Oldfield


  Concerto for Clarinet   and String Orchestra

  Aaron Copland



  Kenny G

  Pan Pipes

  The Light of   Experience

  Traditional Andean   (Pierre Belmonde)


  Recorder Concerto in   C Major, RV 443




  Miles Davis


  Trombone Concerto

  Nikolai Rimsky-   Korsakov


  'March' from 8 Pieces   for Timpani

  Elliot Carter

  Snare Drum


  M. Ravel

  Snare drum plays   throughout the piece

  Bass Drum

  Concerto for Bass   Drum and Orchestra

  Gabriel Prokofiev


  1812 Overture


  c.3.09  &  c.4.59  &  5.43 -   5.54  &  c.9.00 - 9.33  &   c.11.31 - 11.42  & C.12.28  &   c.12.42  &  c.13.00  &   c.13.20 - 14.06


  Waltz from 'Swan   Lake' , Op.20


  c.0.08  &  c.0.51-1.19  &   c.1.26 & c.1.33 & c.1.40 &   c.1.47 & c.2.20 - 2.33  &   c.3.05 - 3.33  &  c.3.37-3.41   & c.3.44 - 3.48 & c.3.53 -   3.55  & c.3.59 - 4.02 &   c.4..35 - 4.39 & c.4.42 - 4.46   & c.5.25 - 5.28  & c.5.39 -   5.43 & c.6.15 - 6.41 &    c.6.52 - 7.17


  Cast no Shadow


  0.12 - end of song


  La Clave, Maraca y   Güiro (from the album   'Putumayo')

  Chico Alvarez


  The Golden Age of the   Xylophone

  Arranged by F.E.   Werle and R Eyles


  Tubular Bells (part   one, live at the BBC,   1973)

  Mike Oldfield



  Sonata in D Minor,   K.517

  Domenico Scarlatti   (Elaine Comparone)

  Sonata in D Minor,   K.517

  Bass Guitar

  The Invisible Man


  Song is structured   around a central Bass   guitar riff, beginning at   c.0.28


  Summer of '69

  Bryan Adams

  Electric Guitar   distortion used from   the start and throughout   the track


  All Blues

  Miles Davis

  Muted trumpet enters   at c.0.21

  Soprano (voice)

  Pie Jesu from   'Requiem'

  Gabriel Fauré

  Alto (voice)

  Gestillte Sehnsucht,   from 'Two Songs,'   Op.91


  Tenor (voice)

  Nessun Dorma, (Aria   form   the Opera   'Turandot')


  Bass (voice)

  Gurnemanz's   Narration   form the   Opera 'Parsifal'


  Backing Vocals

  Let's Twist Again   (original version)

  Chubby Checker

Unit 9 National 4 TIMBRE/DYNAMICS Concepts


  Piece Title

  Composer   (performer)

  Time Code/ further    information



  Bob Marley

  Syncopated   accompaniment

  Scotch snap

  Silhouette from   'Music of the   Spheres'

  Mike Oldfield

  Scotch snaps occur at   2.02 - 3-19 first in flute   melody then in   oboe/bassoon melody


  Braes of Tullymet



  The Irish   Washerwoman

  Traditional irish

  Simple Time: 2/4

  The Emperor's March   (theme from the   soundtrack from the   movie, 'Star Wars')

  John Williams

  Simple Time: 3/4

  Waltz in A flat major,   Op.39 no.15


  Simple Time: 4/4

  Fields of Gold


  Compound Time

  See Unit 5 National 5   RHYTHM/TEMPO   concepts: 6/8, 9/8 &   12/8 time


  Auld Lang Syne

  Robert Burns


  Symphony No.35 in D   major, KV385,   Movement 2



  Sailor's Hornpipe   (Mike Oldfield version,   from Tubular Bells)

  Mike Oldfield



  Wanted, dead or Alive

  Bon Jovi

  c.3.51 - end

  A Tempo

  Hungarian Dance    No.5 in G Minor


  In this piece there are   several instances   where the music slows   down and returns to the   original tempo (a tempo)

  Dotted Rhythms

  Rex Tremendae, from   'Requiem' K626



  Piece Title

  Composer   (performer)


  Hoochie Coochie Man

  Muddy Waters


  Something in the Way   You Move

  Ellie Goulding


  I Got Rhythm

  George Gershwin



  Antonio Carlos   Jobim


  Les Misérables

  Claude-Michel   Schönberg


  Sweet Child O' Mine

  Guns 'n Roses

  Rock 'n Roll

  Johnny B Goode

  Chuck Berry


  The Dark Island

  David Silver

Unit 11 National 3 STYLE Concepts


  Piece Title

  Composer   (performer)

  Time Code/ further    information


  Betrayal and   Desolation (from the   soundtrack from the   movie 'Braveheart')

  James Horner



  Daydream in Blue

  I Monster

  Descending bass riff   repeats throughout the   song

  Step (stepwise)

  Satin Doll

  Johnny Mercer,   Billy Strayhorn &   Duke Ellington

  Stepwise melody

  Leap (leaping)

  Rolling in the Deep


  Leaping melody


  Nocturne from String   Quartet No.2


  Main themes repeated   throughout (opening   theme c.0.03-0.29, and   scale theme c.2.35-   3.14)  


  The Arrival of the   Queen of Sheba


  Sequence occurs in   several places,   including:  c.0.18 - 0.24    &  c.1.07-   1.14  &    c.1.48 -1.58   (woodwind)  &  c.2.04 -   2.10 (strings)  & 2.19 -   2.27  &  2.48 - 2.55

  Question and Answer

  Symphony No.94   (The 'Surprise'),   Movement  2,   Andante


  Opening 8 seconds or   so are a Question and   Answer phrase which   is repeated and   developed throughout   the movement



  Chris Hinze

  4.33 - 5.00  (Electric   Guitar) & 5.21 - 6.20   (Flute)


  Study No.9 (Op.31   No.20)

 Fernando Sor



  Threnody to the   Victims of Hiroshima


  Chord Change

  The Boys Are Back in   Town

  Thin Lizzy

  Chord changes in the   Electric Guitar can be   heard clearly throughout

Unit 12 National 3 MELODY/HARMONY Concepts


  Piece Title

  Composer   (performer)

  Time Code/ further    information


  All My Loving

  The Beatles

  Unison vocals used in   verses at 0.01 - 0.48 &   1.14 - 1.38


  Bolero in C Major,   Op.19


  3 opening piano   chords are in unison   octaves


  Concierto de   Aranjuez, Movement   2,  'Adagio'


  This movement contains   chord harmony on   strummed classical   guitar, including the   opening 90 seconds or   so


  Hungarian Rhapsody


  Solo Piano


  The Sound of Silence

  Simon & Garfunkel

  2 Voices   accompanied by   Acoustic guitar


  Recuerdos de la   Alhambra

  Francisco Tarréga   (David Russell)

  Unaccompanied   Classical guitar


  Farandole from   L'Arlesienne Suite   No.2


  Phrases and musical   themes are repeated   throughout


  Chasing Cars

  Snow Patrol

  Keyboard ostinato   plays  throughout the   song


  Walk This Way

  Steven Tyler and   Joe Perry   (Aerosmith ft. Run   DMC)

  Electric guitar riff at    0.22 - 0.32 & 0.50 -   0.59   & 1.45 - 1.53 &   2.12 -   2.20 & 3.06 -   4.00 &   4.19 - 4.46


  Frère Jacques


Unit 13 National 3 TEXTURE/STRUCTURE/FORM Concepts


  Piece Title

  Composer (performer)


  Symphony no. 99



  How great thou art

  (Yolanda Adams)


  Divertimento in D major, K136



  Farewell to the laird of Islay


  Celtic rock

  Whisky in the jar

  Thin Lizzy

  Bothy ballad



  Waulking song

  Barra waulking song


  Gaelic psalm

  Psalm  51 to St. Kilda



 Vecchia zimarra, senti (The Coat Song)  from the opera, 'La Boheme'



  III. Sequentia, Dies Irae, from 'Requiem',   K626



  Six marimbas

  Steve Reich


  Raga Jogeshwari

  Ravi Shankar

Unit 1 National 5 STYLE Concepts


  Piece Title

  Composer   (performer)

  Time Code/ further    information


  Pierrot Lunaire

  Arnold Schoenberg


  Concord sonata,   movement 2   ('Hawthorne')

  Charles Ives

   c. 1.41

   Chord progression    (I,  IV, V & VI in major    keys)

  Brown Eyed Girl

  Van Morrison

  Perfect cadence

  Te Deum


  c.0.15 & c.0.32 & c.1.05 &   c.1.37 & c.1.54

  Imperfect cadence

  Concerto 3, ‘Autumn’   from ‘The Four   Seasons’;  Movement   1, ‘Allegro’


  Before solo violin enters,   imperfect cadences occur   in the opening section at:   c.0.06 & c.0.12 & c.0.21 &   c.0.33 & c.0.39 & c.0.57 &   c.1.01 & c.1.06

  Inverted pedal

  The Garden is   Becoming a Robe   Room

  Michael Nyman

  Violin inverted pedal


  Etude op.10 no.2


  Whole-tone scale

  Arabesque 1 (from ‘2   Arabesques’)


  Grace note

  Gnossienne No.1

  Eric Satie


  El Colibri (‘The   Humming Bird’) –   Classical guitar solo

  Julio Sagreras




  All the notes in the first   two phrases of each   verse of the song are a   tone apart


  Für Elise (Bagatelle)


  Opening notes are a   semitone apart - these   form the basis of a   recurring theme   throughout the piece


  Eine Kleine   Nachtmusik   (Serenade no.13 in G   major), movement 4,   K525


  Modulation from major   key to minor key at   c.1.22, then a   modulation from minor   key back to major key at   c.1.37 (smaller passing   modulations occur in   other parts)

  Contrary motion

 Mikrokosmos volume  II, no.44, 'Contrary  Motion'




  Ouverture from   'Water Music' - suite   in F major


  Trills occur  through-    out the opening 'Largo'    section of the    movement


 Just The Way You Are

  Bruno Mars


  Amen from 'Stabat   Mater,' RV621



  Sonata in G major,    K13 L486


  Descant (voice)

  'Dum Complerentur   Dies Pentecostes'   (Motet)


  Pitch Bend


  Fleetwood Mac

  Bends occur through-   out in lead electric   guitar melody (e.g. at   c.1.02)

Unit 2 National 5 MELODY/HARMONY Concepts


  Piece Title

  Composer   (performer)

  Time Code/ further    information


  Piccolo Concerto in C   major, RV443



  Gabriel's Oboe

  Ennio Morricone



  Bassoon Concerto in   B flat major KV191


  French Horn

  Horn Trio, Op. 40



  Concerto in F Minor   for Tuba and   Orchestra

  Vaughan Williams


  Viola Concerto in G   Major

  Georg Philip   Telemann




  Hi-hat Cymbals

  Poetry in Motion

  Johnny Tillotson

  from c.0.22

  Bongo Drums

  Chillout Bongos

  Pitri Simpson


  The Chanter's Song



  O'Sullivan's March

  The Chieftans

  piece begins with   Bodhrán and continues   throughout


  Concerto for sitar and   orchestra

  Ravi Shankar

  Sitar enters c.1.33


  Tabla Ecstasy



  Overture from the   opera, 'The Marriage   of Figaro,' K492



  Simple Symphony,   Op.4, Movement 2,   Playful Pizzicato'

  B. Britten

  Con Sordino

  Symphony no.9,   Op.95 'From the New   World,' Movement 2

  A. Dvořák

  opening section has   muted brass and   strings?

  Flutter Tonguing

  The Great Train Race

  Ian Clarke


  Symphony No.8,   Movement 4, 'Finale'


  Timpani rolls




  Reverb is used on   Piano and Vocals


  Hänsel and Gretel


  leading mezzo-   soprano role; the   witch


  'La Pietade in Suo   Furore' (from the   opera, Lucia de   Lamermoor')


  A Cappella


  The Idea of North

Unit 4 National 5 TIMBRE/DYNAMICS Concepts


  Piece Title

  Composer   (performer)

  Time Code/ further    information

  Accent / Accented

  Symphony 5,   Movement 1


  The opening 8 chords   are accented chords.   These and others occur   periodically throughout   the movement

  Beat / Pulse  (strong   beat / pulse)


  Sky (group)

  Beat / Pulse  (subtle   beat / pulse)

  Symphony No.5 in C   Sharp Minor,   Movement 4,   'Adagietto'


  2 Beats in the Bar

  Stars and Stripes   (arranged by   Horowitz)


  3 Beats in the Bar

  Carrilon from   L'Arlesienne, Suite   No.1


  4 Beats in the Bar

  Bad Moon Rising

  John C. Fogerty   (Creedence   Clearwater Revival)

  On The Beat

  'Promenade,' part 1   from Pictures at an   Exhibition


  There is a clear on the   beat texture in this   opening section of the   piece

  Off The Beat

  Spandau Ballet

  Guitar chords heard at   0.01 - 0.30 & 1.22 - 1.41   & 2.32 - 2.51 & 4.00 -   4.19   are played off the   beat


  Rebel Rebel

  David Bowie

  Electric guitar riff is   repeated throughout the   song


  Asturias from 'Iberia   Suite'

  Isaac Albeniz

  Middle section (B) of this   piece (B), beginning at   c.1.39, is slower than   the first and last sections   (A). This work is in   ternary form with a   Coda.


  Ouverture from   'Orchestral Suite No.1   in C Major' BWV 1066

  J.S. Bach

  Second part of the   ouverture (beginning   c.2.19) is faster than the   first part (0.01 - c.2.18)   and the third part (c.5.15   - 6.31)


  Movement 2, 'Molto   Vivace', from   Symphony No.9


  Pauses occur in the   movement at c.1.19 &   2.31 & c.2.35 & c.2.49 &   c.4.35 & c.9.24 & c.9.29   & c.9.43 & c.11.29 &   c.11.52


  The Black Bear   (Scotland The Brave)

  Scottish Traditional


  The Dashing White   Sergeant

  Scottish Traditional


  Glen Massan

  John Kelly

  Drum Fill

  Everything Must Go

  The Manic Street   Preachers

  Drum fills occur   throughout the song


  Adagio in G Minor



  Symphony in C major   Movement 3


Unit 15 National 3 RHYTHM/TEMPO Concepts


  Piece Title

  Composer   (performer)

  Time Code/ further    information


  Hotel California

  The Eagles (Steel   Band, Cuba)


  Fanfare for the   Common Man

  Aaron Copland


  Octet, Op.20 (for 4   violins, 2 violas, and   2 cellos)



  Suddenly I See

  KT Tunstall

  Song is accompanied   by Strummed Acoustic   guitar


  Duelling Banjos

  Arthur 'Guitar   Boogie' Smith  (Glen Campbell and   Carl Jackson)


  The Flying Scotsman

  (David Vernon)


  Swallowtail Jig

   Traditional Irish    (Katy Adelson)


  Highland Cathedral

  Ulrich Roever and   Michael Korb

  Acoustic Guitar


  Bert Jansch

  Electric Guitar

  Far Beyond the Sun

  Yngwie Malmsteen


  'Minute' Waltz, Op.64,   No.1

  Frédéric Chopin



  Toccata and Fugue in   D Minor, BWV 565

  J.S. Bach

  Drum Kit

  Ommadawn - Final   section (Live at   Knebworth 1980)

   Mike Oldfield    (Simon Philips,    Pierre Moerlen

   solo featuring 3    drummers occurs at    2.36 - 6.05

  Steel Band

  The Lion Sleeps   Tonight

  Solomon Linda  (Dover Steel Drum   Band)

  Scottish Dance Band

  Eva Three Step

  Scottish Traditional   (The Steven Carcary   Scottish Dance   Band)

Ommadawn - Final   section (Live at   Knebworth 1980)

  Folk Group

  Rocky Road to Dublin

  Irish Traditional   (The High Kings)


  North Star

  Philip Glass


  'Lacrimosa' from   Requiem in D minor,   KV626



  Hora Staccato

  Grigoras Dinicu  -   arr. for piano &   violin by Jascha   Heifetz (Renaud   Capucon & Jèrome   Ducros)


  Adagio for Strings

  Samuel Barber

  Orchestra (Strings,   Brass, Woodwind,   Percussion)

  Young Person's Guide   to the Orchestra

  Benjamin Britten   (based on a piece   by Henry Purcell)

Unit 14 National 3 TIMBRE/DYNAMICS Concepts


The full set of suggested listening lists below corresponds to the order in which the musical concepts appear in the book, How to Pass National 5 Music. Particular concept categories can be accessed by clicking on these links:

Unit 1:   National 5 STYLE Concepts

Unit 2:   National 5 MELODY/HARMONY Concepts

Unit 3:   National 5 TEXTURE/STRUCTURE/FORM Concepts

Unit 4:   National 5 TIMBRE/DYNAMICS Concepts

Unit 5:   National 5 RHYTHM/TEMPO Concepts

Unit 6:   National 4 STYLE Concepts

Unit 7:   National 4 MELODY/HARMONY Concepts

Unit 8:   National 4 TEXTURE/STRUCTURE/FORM Concepts

Unit 9:   National 4 TIMBRE/DYNAMICS Concepts

Unit 10: National 4 RHYTHM/TEMPO Concepts

Unit 11: National 3 STYLE Concepts

Unit 12: National 3 MELODY/HARMONY Concepts

Unit 13: National 3 TEXTURE/STRUCTURE/FORM Concepts

Unit 14: National 3 TIMBRE/DYNAMICS Concepts

Unit 15: National 3 RHYTHM/TEMPO Concepts

NOTE:  In the event of a link becoming unavailable or inactive, an alternative excerpt may be located by typing the piece title into either the YouTube search bar or a search engine in a general web search.  You can report inactive links or any related difficulties to jm-education at

In the listening concept tables below, the main National 5 musical concepts occur in red; those in blue indicate words that might be helpful in an Internet search if you want to research a concept or topic further.


In instances where a concept occurs at a specific point in a musical example (e.g. a Perfect Cadence), a Time Code is given to indicate this point. For example, a time code of 0.23 means that the concept can be heard twenty three seconds into the piece. In music where there could be a slight variation in the time code (for example due to speed variations in different performances of the same piece), the letter 'C' precedes the code (an abbreviation of the word ‘circa’ meaning ‘approximately’).

For instance, in the example in the table below we are informed that the musical concept sequence occurs in Vivaldi’s concerto in D minor, Op.8, No.9, Movement 1 at c.1.18 (approximately one minute and eighteen seconds into the movement). We are also given the Further Information that the sequence is played by strings at this point. 

Time Coding/Further Information

Key words


  Piece Title

   Composer    (performer)

  Time Code / further   information


  Concerto in D minor,   Op.8, No.9, Movement 1


  At c.1.18 strings   begin playing the   sequence

Click on piece title to access example

Notes on the Listening Lists

Suggested Listening Lists

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Unit 10 National 4 RHYTHM/TEMPO Concepts

National 5 Music

Musical Concept Listening Lists