jm-education

Home About News National 5 Music Higher music Shop Resources Charity Contact Tuition Links

Home |  About  |  News  |  National 5 Music  |  Higher Music  |  Shop  

                Resources  |  Charity  | Contact  |  Tuition  |  Links


Copyright © Joe McGowan 2016

www.yourmusicmentor.com

Joe McGowan Music

www.joemcgowan-jowrimu.com

Tones and Semitones

How to Pass National 5 Music, Concepts at Work (page 4)


Play/sing a few tones and semitones and listen carefully to their characteristic sound. Notice that semitones seem to ‘lean’ towards the second note, slightly discordantly, whereas tones are more harmonious.


A classic semitone sound can be heard in the main ‘shark’ theme (played on cello) from the film ‘Jaws.’ (Music by John Williams, 1975.) Click here to listen to this.








A

ctivity Time Exercise

Other ‘fractions’ of a tone such as quarter tones (called microtones) can be achieved by, for example, bending a note on a stringed instrument.


Most pitched musical instruments are capable of producing tones and semitones.


Audio Example 1. Click ‘play’ to hear the example below

All of the adjacent keys on a piano or keyboard are a semitone apart (see the Reference Page of this website). Two semitones make a tone. 12 successive semitones produce a one octave chromatic scale.


Audio Example 2. Click ‘play’ to hear the example below

One octave chromatic scale beginning on the note C

National 5 Music

Tone and Semitone